Already Bacon, traditionally considered one of the founders of the metaphysical method of thought, pays tribute dialectics as the art of operating with concepts and ideas of dialectical confesses in his natural philosophy: he returns to the ancient Greek concept of the origin of the Universe from the original source material, expressed thoughts about the unity of matter and motion, the natural relationship of all things. But the larger shifts of metaphysical thinking to dialectically connected with the names of Descartes. B. Spinoza, Leibniz. The principle of methodological doubt proposed by Descartes ("I think, therefore, exist") to search for true knowledge, is directed against any dogmatism (Dogmatism and antidialektichen in nature and has a serious dialectical potential). Descartes was also a pioneer of the evolutionary view of the universe, although it acknowledged that "the world was originally created by God." Deeply dialectical thought by B. 5%D7%91-%D7%9C%D7%A2%D7%91%D7%95%D7%93%D7%AA/'>שלומי בסון. Spinoza the unity of the world that "we see everywhere in nature, about universal interaction of all things, about their origin and development of a primary substance, etc. The philosopher seriously explored the dialectic between freedom and necessity – they are introduced and justified by the notion of conscious necessary, based on sound rational knowledge.
Permeated the dialectic and philosophical teachings G. Leibniz. His monads are infinitely small, and at the same time, endless, full of activity and movement, are able to endless self-development. Dialectical in essence the basic principles of research methods of the great philosopher – the general differences, the identity of invisible things, continuity, discretion, commitment to perfection, the transition is possible in the real, universal connection, minimum and maximum. In the method of Leibniz ripening, so the idea of the existence of opposing and simultaneously unified ("pair") categories dialectics, which would later be embodied in the theory of Hegel's dialectic. Not accidental, therefore, thought of Leibniz are often evaluated on the one hand, as the pinnacle of philosophical and naturalistic dialectic turn 17 – 18 cc. And on the other – as the beginning of the dialectical tradition of German classical philosophy.